There are more than 100 types of cancer out there, which affect almost every part of the body, and tragically millions of people are suffering from a form of cancer. But some cancers are more encountered than others. One of these is colon cancer, which is the third most encountered type of cancer in the United States.
What is cancer?
Well for those of you who don’t know, cancer is a disease that affects the cells from the body. When the cells are affected by cancer they start dividing without control, and they keep adding themselves to the tissue, which gets bigger and bigger thus forming a bulge which is called a tumor. There are two types of tumors : malignant and benign. The benign tumors can easily be removed, but the malignant ones are the cancer itself. The tissues around the tumor are also infected and in some time the cancer will spread throughout the whole body. This state of the illness is called metastasis.
What is colon cancer?
Colon cancer is of course the type of cancer that affects the colon and rectum. The colon is a part of the intestine which has the role of keeping the remains of the nutritional substances. The colon ends with the anus. When a tumor grows inside the colon or the rectum then colon cancer occurs. If the tumor is a benign tumor then it is called a polyp, and if it’s a malignant one it is cancer. Polyps can be removed, but if this is not done in time then they can turn into cancerous tumors.
The worst part about colon cancer is that it can spread to other parts of the body and it can develop new tumors there. If this happens there are very few chances for the disease to be cured.
What causes colon cancer?
Doctors have proven that people who are eating meals that are high in fats or that contain diary products have much more risks of becoming ill of colon cancer than people who don’t. Also, if you have a history of colon cancer in the family you may have increased risks of illness.
In conclusion, in order to prevent this disease you must choose a healthy diet that is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in fats. This will considerably decrease the risks.
Colon cancer is mostly encountered in the United States, but there are many cases in the other parts of the world.
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